Sorry I fell off the face of the planet again and for taking so long to get back to this. I’ve been incredibly busy with so much other shit. Anyway let’s just jump right in. I just want to do a quick discussion of the other shooting positions. You really only need three: prone, kneeling, and standing. There are a few others making the rounds in training circles and they have their pros and cons, but if you’re only going to master a few, master the three I just mentioned.
I don’t really like shooting while seated. It’s stable and all that, but it’s not a position I can personally get into and out of quickly. Maybe you can, who knows? It’s a good position to use if you need to make shots at angles, like from a top of a hill, or towards the top of a building. But honestly, getting into the kneeling position is faster in my opinion and if done properly can be almost as stable. I’d use the kneeling position if I couldn’t use prone for an angled shot personally.
In case you still want to use it, here goes:
Start by standing and facing the direction of your target. Literally just sit straight down. Do not index your body toward the target. You can keep your feet apart, or cross your legs at the ankles.
Place your elbows inside each respective thigh. Shoulder the rifle so that your head does not need to dip down for your eye to meet the sights. Get your support arm out as far as you can first, but just make sure you aren’t bending your neck so that you can see the sights. That’s pretty much all there is to it.
The prone position, as we learned before, is the most stable of all of the shooting positions. Squatting is another very stable position, when done properly. It is definitely more useful than sitting, at the very least I’m more likely to use this position. You may have some trouble with this position if you’re not all that flexible, but for most of us, it’s achievable. (Shooting does have some inherent ableism involved I’m afraid. If you’re unable to use this position specifically that’s totally ok. You can get by with any of the others that you can do. I just want to illustrate as many of them as possible.)
Stand facing the target again, except this time index your body with your support leg out front. Your feet should be flat on the ground, with your heels close together. Squat down. Place your weight on your heels, but don’t lean too far back or anything. Your elbows will rest on your inner thighs just like with the sitting position. Definitely practice this position A LOT before you fire a round while squatting. Your feet need to be close together, specifically at the heels. Your weight should be on your heels as well. Even an intermediate powered rifle might have enough recoil to cause you to fall backward in this position, thus the recommendation to practice. You may even find that you can squat and shoot faster than you can kneel and shoot.
There are a few variants of this one. I don’t recommend you bother with traditional competition shooting style kneeling. If you’re unable to assume the squatting position and the situation does not allow for prone or standing, this is the one for you.
Start by indexing your body again with your support side to the front. Take a small step forward with your support leg. Then sit down onto your firing side foot. If you can lay your firing side foot flat on the ground, that’s ideal. If you can’t, that’s ok too. You’ll be less stable if your firing side foot isn’t flat, but it’s also faster to kneel down without the foot being flat so again, pros and cons like everything else. If you’re unable to get your firing side flat (I can’t do it all the time.) just get as close as you can.
The further back you can lean in this case, the better. Your support side foot should be as close to being under your butt as you can get it. Your toes should point towards the target. And as always, get your support hand out as far as you can on the rifle. The closer you can get your feet in a straight line the better as well, but don’t exaggerate it so you lose your balance.
Be careful when kneeling behind cover. You might inadvertently expose more than you have to because of the tendency to modify your position. If you’re kneeling behind a barricade you’ll probably be tempted to lean toward it and support your rifle on the barricade. That limited space might cause you to reverse the relative position of your support and firing legs, or cause you to straighten a leg into view. So, pay attention to what you’re doing while training. A good use of this position is to get behind something that’s too short for you to stand behind but would still make good cover. It’s a good idea to do that, just watch your body positioning.
You may hear people call this shooting “offhand.” But that’s usually a word used to describe a traditional shooting stance that we won’t discuss here. Modern adaptations of the weapons we train with call for a modern adaptation of the shooting stance.
The old way of doing this had you stand with your feet shoulder with apart, but with neither one out further than the other. It was an isosceles type of stance. And before that, people would train to shoot standing with your body indexed as much as 90 degrees to the target, to minimize “how much your enemy could see.” If you want to train using these methods be my guest, but the recommendations are far different now.
Stand facing the target with your feet approximately shoulder-width part as if you’re going to use the isosceles stance. Place your support side foot slightly forward, not even a full step. Keep your feet pointed towards the target. Bend your knees slightly. You may want to experiment with how far apart you place your feet. A wider stance will be more stable. A wider stance might also cause you to take longer to move. Play around with it and optimize it for yourself.
Your support side arm should reach out as far as possible. Don’t lock your elbow, but get that arm out as far as you can. Keep your body squared towards the target. Keep yourself squared behind the rifle as well. This will help absorb recoil (And supposedly has something to do with presenting as much body armor as possible. That might be true, but I don’t always wear body armor and this is still the best way to mitigate recoil.) Shoulder the rifle so that your sights come up to your eyes and not so that your eyes need to move to find your sights. Your firing arm needs to be used to help pull the rifle towards your body just like the support arm, but it can be more relaxed in reality.
** In this position and in all the others, don’t forget about things like cheek-weld and all the other things you need to do to keep the rifle steady. **
There are a few other positions we could talk about, mostly modifications of the prone or sitting positions. We’ll cover those eventually. But if you can get these down you’ll be well on your way. As always, I hope this information is useful and clear. If it isn’t, please don’t hesitate to get in touch.
Take care. That’s all for now.